Law Courses: ‘’Law’’ is one of the most essential parts of our constitution for justice. Besides this, law education is the only legal education in India which grants rules and regulations on which the country runs. Law courses are persuaded by many youngsters and those who seek to clear this degree are designated with the post of a “Lawyer” and that has to be done before practice and entry in the court.
Law education in India is been offered by numerous colleges and universities at graduation, post-graduation, and diploma levels. After the completion of any law course, one can practice under its experts and in courts also by gaining the experience of 1 to 2 years and can get remuneration package ranges from Rs 50K to 1 lakhs according to one’s skills and expertise.
In the year 1987 law education was commenced in India, which is a three-year degree program granted under the Advocate Act, 1961. The Bar Council of India (BCI) is said to be the regulatory body that supervises and monitors law education in India. Apart from this in the year 1985, the “Law Commission of India” has established a University for Law Education to elevate the academic standard of the legal profession in India. Soon after it, the first law University was established in Bangalore named as “National Law School of India University” popularly known as the “NLS”.
Benefits of Choosing Law as a Career:
Candidates must keep one thing in mind that if they want to become a lawyer, then prepare their minds to work hard to climb the ladder of success. First, they have to go through many years of a rigorous study schedule, then training in the law firm to refine and polish their skills which is very important and requires dedication. There are several benefits of Choosing a Law as a career.
- Wide Selection of Career: The vital advantage of becoming a lawyer is that candidates have a wide range of career selection options. They can apply on many posts announced in the public and private sectors. Apart from the criminal defense side of the law, candidates can choose numerous other career options, such as divorce attorney, real estate lawyer, working compensation or traveling compensation lawyer, etc.
- Financial and Emotional Rewards: Being a lawyer is no less than a gratification because a lawyer can earn both financial and emotional rewards at the same time. Moreover, emotional awards are even more than financial rewards and make the lawyer feel more satisfied and contented.
- Positive Intellectual Challenge: When a lawyer starts working in any law firm or even opens his own business organization, he practices law by dealing with various cases on daily basis. While dealing with the client's lawyer is required to switch from one law to another to find the best possible way to get his client out of trouble.
- Work Environment: Whatever the career candidates choose in his life, is mostly concerned with how comfortable the working environment is after joining that organization. The working environment of lawyers is very comfortable and satisfactory. Unlike other professions, a lawyer cannot afford to have a cubical type of office rather they need a proper four-walled office in which they can manage their work and files.
- Flexibility: The profession of lawyer is very unpredictable, in several ways and due to which most of them do not like this profession. If in any case lawyer is stuck in some other case, then he may assign the other cases to his employees who will handle the clients, their complaints, and register the new cases.
Subjects Covered in Law Courses:
- Public Law
- Public International Law
- Property Law
- Private Law
- Criminal Law
- Contract Law
- Constitutional Law
- Administrative Law
Eligibility Criteria for Law Courses:
The aforementioned BAR Council of India is the apex body of Law Courses in India. Law Courses can be divided into 3 years and 5 years. The eligibility criteria for undergraduate and postgraduate courses are different.
For Undergraduate Course:
To be eligible to apply for the Law UG course aspirants should have cleared their Class 10+2 exam from a recognized board with at least 50% aggregate marks or passing marks. Candidates from any stream can apply for Law courses.
For Postgraduate Courses:
For admission in PG courses, the eligibility criteria which is set by the universities are aspirants should possess a graduation degree with a minimum of 50% of marks from a recognized university/college.
Admission Procedure for Law Course:
Admission in law courses can be done through two processes. Many colleges grant admission on the basis of candidates' 12th marks whereas some conducts entrance exams on national, state, and university levels for the same. Applicants can appear in the entrance exam at their convenience. Here we have listed some common entrance for Law courses candidates.
- All India Bar Exam (AIBE)
- All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
- Army Institute of Law Entrance Test (AIL)
- Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)
- Delhi University Law Entrance Exam (DU)
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test (BVP CET)
Students, who want to get admission in law, have to give Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). CLAT gets organized for giving admission to the National Law Universities (NLUs) and a variety of other institutions. Through this test, scholars are admitted to Integrated L.L.B and L.L.M courses.
Scholars who wish to pursue law courses from foreign Universities/institutions can apply for Law School Admission Test (LAST). The admission in the Jindal Law Global School is done through the LSAT conducted by the Law School Admission Council, USA.
Law Courses in India
Bachelor’s Degree in Law (Duration: 3 Years)
The undergraduate program in law is of three-year that comprises six semesters. Scholars after completing 10+2 (from any stream) with at least 50% marks are eligible to opt for this course. For gaining admission to an undergraduate degree in law from any University or Institute, a candidate should be 17 years of age at the time of admission. Few Bachelor degree program is:
- L.B- Bachelor of Legislative Law
- L.B (Hons)- Bachelor of Legislative Law (Honours)
- B.A+L.L.B.- Bachelors of Art and Bachelor of Legislative Law
- B.A+L.L.B.(Hons)- Bachelors of Art and Bachelor of Legislative Law (Honours)
- B.A+L.L.B.- Bachelor of Business Administration + Bachelor of Legislative Law
- B.A+L.L.B.(Hons)- Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Legislative Law (Honours)
Postgraduate Degrees in Law (Duration: 2 Years)
The duration of a master's degree in Law is for two years. The course equips the student with not just one stream but with a holistic knowledge of all the different mediums in law. Some Masters degree programs are:
- Master of Legislative Law in Human Rights
- Master of Law in Criminal Law
- Master of Arts in Human Rights
- Master of Arts in Criminal Justice
- Master of Philosophy in Law
- Master of Philosophy in Social Sciences with Law
- Master of Philosophy in International Legal Studies
- Master of Science in Intellectual Property Rights
- Master of Intellectual Property Law
- Master of Cyber Law and Information Technology
- Master of Comparative Law
- Master of Legislative Law in Constitutional Law
- Master of Legislative Law in Business Law
- Master in Labour Laws and Labour Welfare
- Post Graduate Program in Human Rights
- Master of Legislative Law (Hons.)
- Master of Law in Corporate Law
- Master of Legislative Law in Mercantile Law
- Master of Law in Labour Laws
- Master of Law in International Trade and Economic Law
- Master of Law in Intellectual Property Rights
Doctorate Courses in Law (Duration: 3 Years)
- Doctor of Philosophy in Law
- Doctor of Philosophy in Interdisciplinary
- Doctor of Philosophy in International Legal Studies
- Doctor of Philosophy in Social Sciences with Law
Diploma Courses in Law (Duration may range from 1 year to 3 years according to course)
- Diploma in Women’s Studies and Gender Justice
- Diploma in Taxation Laws and Practice
- Diploma in Taxation Law- DTL
- Diploma in International Laws
- Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
- Diploma in Information Technology Laws
- Diploma in Human Rights
- Diploma in Human Resource Management and Labour Laws
- Diploma in Cyber Laws and Information Technology
- Diploma in Criminology
- Diploma in Criminal Law
- Diploma in Corporate Laws and Management
- Diploma in Consumer Consultancy
- Diploma in Co-operative Laws and Practice
- Diploma in Co-operative Law
- Diploma in Paralegal Practice
- Diploma in Oriental Canon Law
- Diploma in Medical Jurisprudence
- Diploma in Legislative Drafting
- Diploma in Labour Laws and Labour Welfare
- Diploma in Labour Law (DLL)
- Diploma in Business Law
- Diploma in Alternative Dispute Resolution System
- Advanced Diploma in Taxation Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Taxation Practice
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Taxation Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Tax Management and Tax Administration
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Right to Information (RTI)
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Patents Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Criminology and Correctional Management
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Criminal Justice
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Corporate Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Consumer Laws
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Child Rights Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Child Rights and Development
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Business Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Administrative Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Securities Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Medical Jurisprudence
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Medical Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Labour Practice
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Labour Law and Labour Welfare
- Post-Graduate Diploma in IPR and Patent Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in International Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Human Rights Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Drug Regulatory and Intellectual Property
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Cybercrime and E-Commerce Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Cyber Law and Information Security
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Cyber Law and Ethics
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Cyber Law
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Criminology and Law of Crimes
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Labour Law and Personnel Management
Certificate Law Courses:
- Certificate Course in Human Rights
- Certificate Course in Cyber Law
- Certificate Course in Legal Awareness for Women
- Certificate Course in International Humanitarian Law
- Certificate Course in Consumer Protection
- Certificate Course in Forensic and Medical Jurisprudence
- Certificate Course in Corporate Law
- Post-Graduate Certificate in Patent Practice
- Post-Graduate Certificate in Intellectual Property Law and Practice
- Certificate Course in Consumer Consultancy
- Certificate Course in Anti-Human Trafficking
- Certificate Course in Mergers and Acquisition
- Certificate Course in Latin and Oriental Canon Law
- Certificate Course in Insurance Law
- Post-Graduate Certificate in Cyber Law
Apart from these courses, the main courses which are mostly pursued by the aspirants are as follows:
Masters of Laws (LLM) Course:
Masters of Laws is a postgraduate course that lasts up to two years of the academic degree. Law scholars and professionals pursue LLM to gain expertise in a specialized field of law, for example in the area of tax law or international law.
Eligibility Criteria for LLM Course:
The LLM course can be pursued only by those, who have successfully completed their graduation in law i.e LLB/B.L. Degree/5 Year LLB. Candidates should have a 10+2+5 pattern or an equivalent Degree from a recognized University. The minimum criteria of marks are 55% for the general category and 50% S.C./S.T./Persons with Disability.
Admission Procedure for LLM Course:
Admission to the LLM course is done through an entrance exam which is conducted by various universities on their own.
Bachelor of Law (LLB) Course:
Bachelor of Law is an undergraduate academic course under the law stream. The minimum requirement to join the 3 year LLB course is a Graduation from any course/ stream. This course aims to make the balance between the three pillars of the constitutions i.e Legislation, the Executive, and the Judiciary.
Eligibility Criteria For LLB Course:
The basic LLB course eligibility criteria for candidates is that they should have completed graduation from any stream i.e should hold a bachelor’s degree with at least 45% marks in aggregate from a recognized college/university.
Admission Procedure for LLB Course:
Admission in LLB is preceded by both an entrance exam and a graduation degree with a minimum of 50% of aggregate marks.
BBA LLB is a five-year integrated course that imbibes both experience and study of Business administration and Law which in turn can make a company or organization ethically strong. It is an undergraduate Administrative Law professional integrated course. It is a combination of the study of Business administration and Law.
Eligibility Criteria for BBA+LLB Course:
The eligibility criteria to take admission in the BBA LLB course is a candidate must pass his 12th with a minimum of 50% of aggregate marks from the recognized educational board.
Admission Procedure for BBA + LLB Course:
Several universities conduct entrance exams for selecting meritorious applicants. Whereas direct admission is also granted by numerous colleges.
BA + LLB Course:
Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Law is an undergraduate Administrative Law professional integrated course. The BA LLB course duration is 5 years divided into 10 semesters. The degree course provides integrated expertise of the inter-relationship of Management Studies and Law in their entirety than in specified areas.
Eligibility Criteria for BA+LLB:
The basic eligibility criteria for pursuing a BA LLB course is to pass 12th with not less than 50% of the total marks or an equivalent examination from a recognized educational board.
Admission Procedure for BA+LLB:
Admission is rendered to the applicants is based on the entrance exam and merit list which is prepared by the university.
Renowned Colleges Offering Law Courses:
- National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore
- West Bengal National University of Judicial Sciences, Kolkata
- National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
- Symbiosis Law School, Pune
- Indian Law Society Law College (ILS), Pune
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
- Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat
- National Law University (NLU), Jodhpur
- Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
Career Prospects and Job outlooks for Law Courses:
As we all know, Law is a vastly reputed field which is chosen by youngsters as a career prospectus. It is a reliable and sincere field. A fresher may have to work under a reputed legal firm or lawyer for the initial starting of his career. In India, the demand for skilled lawyers is increasing as per the survey was done by the Bar Council of India. Out of 100%, only 20% have the ability to work in court and the rest just dream to work and become a Lawyer.
A law aspirant can be a public prosecutor, solicitor general, or a part of private legal firms after gaining experience. He may also appear for the exams which are conducted by the Public Service Commissions for the position of Judge. An excellent lawyer can work in ministry, government departments, and various legal advice organizations.
Some of the reputed law designation for law aspirants:
- Criminal Lawyer
- Civil Litigation Lawyer
- Legal Analyst
- Document Drafting Lawyer
- Legal Journalist
- Legal Advisor
- Government Lawyer
- Amarchand Mangaldas
- Vaish & Associates
- Lakshmi Kumaran & Sridharan
- J Sagar Associates
- Luthra & Luthra
- Khaitan & Co
- Desai & Diwanji
- Wadia Ghandy & Co
- AZB & Partners
- Singhania & Partners
- Titus & Co
- Economic Laws Practice
- In every profession salary is very fruitful parts. If the aspirant is an excellent lawyer and practicing individually then he may earn according to that.
- After the completion, of course, one started working under the experts and can earn around Rs. 5000 to Rs. 20000 per month in the form of nominal wages.
- If you want to work individually in court, then you earn around Rs. 20000 to 50000 per month (approx).